Diabetes is a chronic health condition where the body is unable to produce enough insulin and control sugar (glucose) in the blood. Glucose comes from food and is used by the cells to create energy. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas which is a large gland located behind the stomach. Insulin is needed to move sugar into the cells where it can be used for energy needed for body processes.
Type II diabetes is most often associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, women with a history of gestational diabetes (diabetes developed during pregnancy), physical inactivity, and certain ethnicities.About 80% of individuals with type 2 diabetes are overweight.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop gradually and may include: fatigue, frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and slow healing of wounds or sores. Some individuals have no symptoms.
Type II diabetes is caused when the body does not make or use insulin properly. Without it, glucose stays in the blood resulting in a condition called hyperglycemia (i.e. high blood sugar levels). The combined effect of genetics and lifestyle play an important role in the development of this condition.
Treatment for diabetes is a lifelong commitment. Important steps for treatment include; monitoring blood sugar, taking insulin or other medications like metformin (if prescribed), maintaining a healthy weight, eating healthy foods, and exercising regularly. The goal is to keep your blood sugar level as close to normal as possible to delay or prevent complications.
These typically include medications such as metformin for early onset diabetes or insulin resistance, and insulin injections for more chronic and progressive cases. Eventually, if the blood sugar continues to stay elevated (in poorly management cases), limb amputations are sometimes required.
One of the most important natural options include dietary counselling and weight management. Many people do not realize that the food they thought was healthy is working against their goals to stabilize their blood sugar levels. Both the holistic nutritionist and naturopathic doctors at Kleinburg Integrative Health can work with you to improve your diet and lifestyle. Natural supplementation including vitamins, mineral and botanicals have also proven to be very effective in the treatment, management and prevention of this condition.