Depression, also known as depressive disorder, is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts. Depression is considered a mood disorder that affects the way an individual eats and sleeps, the way one feels about them self, and the way one thinks about life situations. Unlike normal emotional experiences of sadness, loss, or passing mood states, depressive disorders are persistent and can really interfere with an individual's thoughts, behavior, mood, activity, and physical health.
What causes it? These can vary from circumstantial causes as well as genetic factors. The onset of the first episode of depression may not be obvious if it is gradual or mild. The symptoms of depression represent a significant change from how a person functioned before the illness. Symptoms of depression can range from mild to severe. Some symptoms may include but are not limited to the following: Loss of interest in normal daily activities, depressed mood, sleep disturbances, impaired thinking or concentration, and preoccupation with death.
What are my treatment options? Treatment for depression usually involves a combination of medication and psychological therapy.
Psychodynamic therapy takes the approach that a person is depressed because of unresolved, and mainly unconscious conflicts, often rooted in childhood. The purpose of this type of therapy is for the patient to understand and better cope with these feelings by talking about the experiences and exploring them through various techniques and exercises to help shed light and bring these unconscious conflicts to the conscious. Inner child work, guided imagery, focusing and talk therapy are all ways in which to connect and explore.
Interpersonal relationships, grief, major life events, social isolation and behavioural interactions with our loved ones may also be explored to find and express the source of the depression.
Psychodynamic therapies help patients resolve depression caused by:
Role changes (such as becoming a mother or a caregiver)
The effectiveness of therapy depends on your active participation. It requires time, effort, and regularity.
As you begin therapy, it is important to establish some goals with your therapist.
Remember, therapy involves exploring your thoughts, emotions and behaviors, identifying stresses that contribute to depression, and working to adjust both. People who actively participate in therapy recover more quickly and have fewer relapses. Therapy is treatment that addresses specific causes of depression; it is not a "quick fix.
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